|Dissertation||Urban Metabolism and Land Teleconnections: An Emergy Synthesis都市遠距連接代謝作用之能值評估|
|Abstract||Urbanization not only affects the environmental change of urban and peri-urban areas, but also affects the change of distant land areas due to the increasing demands on resource use and waste emissions. Furthermore, Taipei area, due to urbanization, increasingly relies on resources such as foods, built materials and energy from other regions in Taiwan or other countries. Urbanization becomes the driving force that influences environmental changes and impacts in distant land areas because of the process of material and energy However, previous studies on the assessment of urban sustainability only limited to the urban area being studied. nike air max 2016 uomo There is a need to rethink the adequacy of the place-based assessment of urban sustainability and analyze the land teleconnection relationship between urban areas and the distant land areas.The purpose of this study is on the relationship of material and energy flows between the urbanization in the Taipei metropolitan region and other distant land areas in Taiwan.Emergy synthesis will be conducted to evaluate land teleconnection of Taipei and distant land areas: multi-level emergy synthesis, nested emergy synthesis and across boundary emergy synthesis.Based on the results of emergy synthesis, the study will discuss the consumption of resource in Taipei accounted for the proportion of Taiwan, the relationship of energy and material flow between urban areas and life-support areas in Taiwan, the impacts of urbanization in Taipei on other distant land areas,and the functional roles (such as competition, symbiosis or parasitism) between Taipei and distant land areas and rethink the adequacy of urban sustainability in Taipei. The contributions of this study are to analyze the metabolic relationship of energy and material between multi-areas, and validate and promote the theory of urban land teleconnections.
|Keywords||Urbanization, Urban Land Teleconnections, Urban Sustainability, Urban Metabolism|